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Knowledge-based Expert Systems in Chemistry [Elektronisk resurs] Not counting on computers / Philip Judson

Judson, Phillip (författare)
ISBN 9781847559807
Publicerad: Cambridge : Royal Society of Chemistry, [2009]
Copyright: ©2009
Engelska online resource (x, 212 pages)
Serie: RSC Theoretical and Computational Chemistry Series, 2041-319X ; 1
  • E-bok
Innehållsförteckning Sammanfattning Ämnesord
Stäng  
  • 1. Artificial Intelligence : Making Use of Reasoning -- 2. Synthesis Planning by Computer -- 3. Other Programs to Support Chemical Synthesis Planning -- 4. International Repercussions of the Harvard LHASA Project -- 5. Structure Representation -- 6. Structure, Sub-Structure and Super-Structure Searching -- 7. Protons that Come and Go -- 8. Aromaticity and Stereochemistry -- 9. DEREK : Predicting Toxicity -- 10. Other Alert-Based Toxicity Prediction Systems -- 11. Rule Discovery -- 12. The 2D–3D Debate -- 13. Making Use of Reasoning: Derek for Windows -- 14. Predicting Metabolism -- 15. Relative Reasoning -- 16. Predicting Biodegradation -- 17. Other Applications and Potential Applications of Knowledge-Based Prediction in Chemistry -- 18. Evaluation and Validation of Knowledge-Based Systems -- 19. Combining Predictions -- 20. A Subjective View of the Future. 
  • This is currently the only book available on the development of knowledge-based, and related, expert systems in chemistry and toxicology. Written by a pioneer in the field, it shows how computers can work with qualitative information where precise numerical methods are not satisfactory. An underlying theme is the current concern in society about the conflicts between basing decisions on reasoned judgements and wanting precise decisions and measurable effectiveness. As well as explaining how the computer programs work, the book provides insights into how personal and political factors influence scientific progress. The introduction of regulations such as REACH in Europe and modifications to UN and OECD Guidelines on assessment of chemical hazard mean that the use of toxicity prediction is at a turning point. They put a heavy burden on the chemical industry but, for the first time, allow for the use of computer prediction to support or replace in vivo and in vitro experiments. There is increasing recognition among scientists and regulators that qualitative computer methods have much to offer and that in some circumstances they may be more reliable and informative than quantitative methods. This excellent introduction to a field where employment opportunities are growing is aimed at students, scientists and academics with a knowledge of chemistry. 

Ämnesord

Expert systems (Computer science)  (LCSH)
Chemistry  -- Data processing (LCSH)
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Clinical 

Klassifikation

542.85633 (DDC)
Uce.02 (kssb/8 (machine generated))
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