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Sökning: onr:js8l72qdg2fxv0bs > Yrrunan

Yrrunan [Elektronisk resurs] Användning och ljudvärde i nordiska runinskrifter

Larsson, Patrik (författare)
Lerche Nielsen, Michael (opponent)
Uppsala universitet Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet (utgivare)
Publicerad: Uppsala : Institutionen för nordiska språk, Uppsala universitet, 2002
Svenska 245
Serie: Runrön, 1100-1690 1100-1690
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  • E-bokAvhandling(Diss. Uppsala : Uppsala universitet, 2002)
Sammanfattning Ämnesord
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  • The main purpose of this dissertation is to study the use of the ýr -rune in Scandinavian runic inscriptions. The rune, in the shapes m (older) and z (younger), originally denoted /R/, i.e. palatal r , which eventually merged with /r/. The time of the merger and the relationship between /R/ och /r/ has traditionally been regarded as uncertain, and how /R/ was phonetically realized has been a matter of debate. Based on the available information, it is suggested that /R/ could be described as a palatal fricative. The main difference between /R/ och /r/ could, therefore, have been that the former was realized as a fricative, the latter as a trill/approximant. The use of the ýr -rune is unproblematic in the inscriptions carved in the older runic alphabet: it is, with one uncertain exception, consistently used for etymological /R/. During the Viking Age, a significant change takes place, manifested by the gradual and eventually complete dominance of the reið -rune, r. We are not, however, dealing with an irregular alternation between the two runes, since r used for original /R/ is rather common, whereas z used for original /r/ is most uncommon. The transition /R/ > /r/ first occurs in position after dental and alveolar consonants, then after other consonants and finally after vowels. A regional difference is also clear: the use of the ýr -rune to denote /R/ dies out much earlier in Western Scandinavia than in Eastern Scandinavia. The ýr -rune was also used to denote a number of vowels, in Western Scandinavia /y/, in Eastern Scandinavia several different vowels, probably all unrounded: /e(:)/, /i(:)/ and /æ(:)/. The use of the ýr -rune for /y/ in Eastern Scandinavia is first recorded in the mediaeval inscriptions. The denotation of older /R/ in Viking Age inscriptions shows considerable intra- and extralinguistic variation, aspects which receive attention in the present work. The ýr -rune continues to denote older /R/ during the early Middle Ages, primarily in Gotland, occasionally also in Denmark, Småland, Södermanland, Västergötland and Öland; the conclusion drawn is that /R/ still existed at least into the 13th century. 

Ämnesord

Humanities and the Arts  (hsv)
Languages and Literature  (hsv)
Specific Languages  (hsv)
Humaniora och konst  (hsv)
Språk och litteratur  (hsv)
Studier av enskilda språk  (hsv)
HUMANITIES and RELIGION  (svep)
Languages and linguistics  (svep)
Scandinavian languages  (svep)
HUMANIORA och RELIGIONSVETENSKAP  (svep)
Språkvetenskap  (svep)
Nordiska språk  (svep)
Scandinavian Languages  (uu)
Nordiska språk  (uu)

Genre

government publication  (marcgt)

Indexterm och SAB-rubrik

Scandinavian languages - general
runes
runic inscriptions
the ýr-rune
the reið-rune
palatal r
alveolar r
palatalization
phonemic and phonetic merger
Nordiska språk - allmänt
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