Includes bibliographical references (pages 253-284) and index.
Introduction --The old world : living with radical monotheism --The years of the Greeks : the Jewish world confronts Greek empires --Antioch in Jerusalem : the limits of the law --Enoch the prophet : startling new scriptures remap the spiritual universe --Tyrants follow tyrants : a century of national agony --Daniel's revolution : visions of cosmic warfare --The light and the life : wars of light and darkness --The powers above : how the universe filled with angels and demons --The Word was with God : rethinking the world's creation --Smashing God's house : how apocalyptic and messianic ideas drove political action --Making faiths : the making of world religions --Conclusion : Closed histories.
"In The Crucible of Faith, Philip Jenkins argues that much of the Judeo-Christian tradition we know today was born between 250-50 BCE, during a turbulent "Crucible Era." It was during these years that Judaism grappled with Hellenizing forces and produced new religious ideas that reflected and responded to their changing world. By the time of the fall of the Temple in 70 CE, concepts that might once have seemed bizarre became normalized-and thus passed on to Christianity and later Islam. Drawing widely on contemporary sources from outside the canonical Old and New Testaments, Jenkins reveals an era of political violence and social upheaval that ultimately gave birth to entirely new ideas about religion, the afterlife, Creation and the Fall, and the nature of God and Satan."--Amazon.